Jesus, Will Reign from David’s Throne

“The LORD has sworn to David A truth from which He will not turn back: “Of the fruit of your body I will set upon your throne.” (Psalm 132:11)

I found myself in a, we will say, a discussion from a fellow that said that it is not possible that Jesus could be the heir of the throne of David. I was puzzled by this statement and so decided to entertain his argument with these two facts. One, the verse in our text clearly states the promise to David from God that his descendants would maintain the throne. The Prophet Jeremiah also stated that God a man of his descendants would sit on the throne. “For thus says the LORD, ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel.” (Jeremiah 33:17) I also said that if you look at the genealogy of Jesus in Matthew 1:1-17 you can see the line running from Abraham through David to Joseph who was the father of Jesus. My opponent agreed but said you do not know about the cruse of Jeconiah do you? Which I did not and that curse is found in this verse from Jeremiah. “Is this man Coniah a despised, shattered jar? Or is he an undesirable vessel? Why have he and his descendants been hurled out And cast into a land that they had not known? “O land, land, land, Hear the word of the LORD! “Thus says the LORD, ‘Write this man down childless, A man who will not prosper in his days; For no man of his descendants will prosper Sitting on the throne of David Or ruling again in Judah.” (Jeremiah 22:28-20)

Coniah is a shortened spelling of the name Jeconiah. Going back to the genealogy in Matthew we see His name in this order. “David was the father of Solomon by Bathsheba who had been the wife of Uriah. Solomon was the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa. Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah. Uzziah was the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah. Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amon, and Amon the father of Josiah. Josiah became the father of Jeconiah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.” (Matthew 1:7-11) Jeconiah was the last rightful reigning king of Israel. He had sons to follow him, Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abihud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Achim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, Jacob, and Jacob who was father of Joseph the step father of Jesus. None of them ever sat upon the throne of David because of the curse of God against Jeconiah. (Matthew 1:12-16)Therefore the argument was that because of the curse of God upon Jeconiah it would have been impossible for Jesus to be the rightful heir to the throne of David.

My opponent went on to say that if there was not a curse and Palestine was not under Roman rule that Joseph would have been the heir to the throne of David and his son James would follow. He not Herod would be the King of the Jewish nation. Of course this was not the case because God had cursed Jeconiah in the bloodline of David.

I agreed with my opponent that none of the children of Joseph cold have been the heir to the Throne of David. Mary and Joseph had, other than Jesus, four sons and at least two daughters. We see as recorded in Matthew. “Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And His sisters, are they not all with us?” (Matthew 13:55-56) But Jesus was not Joseph’s son and he was not Jesus’ father. Joseph was the stepfather of Jesus. Mary was the mother but God was the Father, as we see in Luke. “The angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:35)

This makes perfect sense as if Joseph had been the father of Jesus then Jesus would have sin tainted blood. Jesus would not have been the perfect sacrifice for man’s sin. Jesus who was the Son of God received His Father’s approval. “And behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.” (Matthew 3:17) Jesus was the Son of God, not Joseph, and because He lived in the complete will of the Father He earned the right to sit upon the throne of David forever. “And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.” (Matthew 28:18) Jesus didn’t receive the throne of David because He was a descendant of David, He received the throne because He was the Son of God.

But this puts a twist in the promise that God had made to David. In particular this phrase. “Of the fruit of your body I will set upon your throne.” How then could Jesus be of the royal line of David if He was not a blood relation? This is the beauty of God’s Word. We are told in Isaiah, “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD. “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways And My thoughts than your thoughts.” (Isaiah 55:8-9) God has a plan to accomplish His purpose and as much as Satan tries to destroy it he always fails.

To find the answer to this mystery we need only look at the Gospel of Luke. No blood relative of David or any man could ever sit upon and rule from the eternal throne. “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23) Not Joseph or his sons James, Joseph, Simon or Judas, all of them have fallen short of the Glory of God. The promise of God was the fruit of David’s body would take the throne and it is so that Jesus is the rightful heir. Let us look to the genealogy found in the Gospel of Luke. The rightful royal line of Jesus. Jesus the “son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Hesli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David.” (Luke 3:23-31)

This is the genealogy of Mary the mother of Jesus. The key verse here is 31, “The son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David.” Mary is also a descendant of David through his son Nathan. Let us look again at Matthew 1:16, “Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.” Joseph was the husband of Mary but not the father is Jesus, God was the Father of Jesus. Mary was in the royal blood line and this gave Jesus the right to the throne of David and He had the authority given to Him by the Father.

Jesus could not have been born of the seed of Joseph, as He would have fallen under the curse given to Jeconiah and He would have impure blood. Joseph was not the physical father of Jesus but Mary was the physical mother, therefore Jesus was a direct descendant of David through his son Nathan. There is no way around the Word of God. Believe it, trust it, and live it. For as the apostle Peter testified, “Simon Peter answered Him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life.” (John 6:68)

Thomas N Kirkpatrick

First Baptist Church of Durant, December 30, 2015

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